The History of National medical research center of cardiology
The history of the National medical research center of cardiology begins in April 1945 when the Institute of Experimental and Clinical Therapy was founded by resolution of recently established Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR.
Vladimir Filippovich Zelenin (16.06.1881 – 19.10.1968) has been appointed as the first director - the full member of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1944), the leading Professor of the 2nd Moscow Medical Institute, the outstanding researcher-cardiologist, successfully practicing therapist.
At the first stage the Institute of Experimental and Clinical Therapy was located in different Hospitals, since it didn’t have its own room. It had 5 such bases:
- The gastroenterological department of Botkin Hospital was the main of them since November 1945. Other bases were:
- Therapeutic office of the 5th Soviet hospital (where the Clinic of hospital therapy of the 2nd Moscow Medical Institute was located, headed by V.F. Zelenin);
- cardiovascular direction of scientific research (supervised by the associate professor I.B. Likhtsiyer);
- Faculty therapeutic Сlinic of the 1st Moscow Medical institute which was managed by V.N. Vinogradov and where Clinical electro-physiological laboratory has been created;
- Faculty Clinic (managed by E.M. Tareev on the basis of the Moscow Regional Research Clinical Institute) and Clinic of пропедевтики (?) of the 3d Moscow Medical Institute ( managed by L.I. Fogelson on the basis of a city Hospital No. 33 named after A.A. Ostroumov, the former Bakhrushenskaya on Stromynka)
In June-July 1947 there was a reorganization of Institute of Experimental and Clinical Cardiology, provided by the resolution of Presidium of Academy of Medical Sciences on 02.04.1947. In fact, the Institute was being formed anew since the end of October 1947 in Zamoskvorechye, having moved from the Botkin Hospital, and only gastroenterological department stayed unaffected. As then spoke, на «Щипке» the Institute of Experimental and Clinical Therapy got its own building in the 3d building of the Hospital named after Semashko (former Guryev poorhouse).
Already in November, after a short time renovation, the Clinic accepted its first patients, laboratories began their work. Thus, by the time of Zelenin ‘s resignation, the Institute of Experimental and Clinical Cardiology was quite efficient scientific research Institution, that had 100 beds (per 50 beds in 2 departments): cardiovascular pathology department ( headed by Zhislin N.G.) and stomach ulcer department (headed by I.I. Speransky). Later on (in the 50th), these departments were transformed into male branch (headed by K.N. Zamyslova) and female branch (headed by N.A. Ratner). The scientific polyclinic department and seven other independent offices functioned there as well.
A new stage in the formation of the Institute of Experimental and Clinical Therapy began in 1948, when professor, academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences (1948), Alexander Leonidovich Myasnikov (6.09.1899 – 19.11.1965) became a director. Rather young, but already famous and talented scientist, the practicing doctor, the pupil of two outstanding therapists of the country – the representative of the Moscow medical school of professor D.D. Pletnev and the Leningrad medical school of Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR of Academician G.F. Lang. From 1932 to 1938 he was head of the therapy Department of the Novosibirsk Institute of improvement of doctors.
Also he was the founder and first head of the faculty therapy Department of the Novosibirsk medical Institute, formed in 1935. At the same time, he was the rector of the medical area at this Institute. When he was 35 years old, he was awarded the degree of doctor of Sciences without defending a thesis, because of the release of his monograph “Diseases of liver”. In 1938-1940 he was the head of Department of faculty therapy of the third Leningrad medical Institute (now the Military medical Academy named after S. M. Kirov). In 1940-1948 he was head of the therapy Department of the naval medical Academy and at the same time since 1942 – chief physician of the Navy (Colonel of medical service). The scientific work of A. L. Myasnikov were devoted to diseases of the liver and biliary tract, infectious diseases (malaria, brucellosis), but the most important and priority areas of study were cardiovascular pathology (hypertension, atherosclerosis, chronic ischemic heart disease). In global recognition of his research and working activities, on April 23 1965 A. L. Myasnikov was awarded the highest award of the International society of cardiology “Golden stethoscope”. He was the first Soviet physician to get one.
One of the first orders of the new head were the order No. 228 dated September 29, 1948 “ In accordance with the Resolution of Council of Ministers of the USSR of June 10, 1948 and the order of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR No. 591 dated September 21, 1948 to rename the Institutes of the Academy of medical Sciences of the USSR - Institute of Experimental and clinical therapy of the Academy of medical Sciences of the USSR renamed the Institute of therapy of Academy of medical Sciences of the USSR. In 1959, in connection with the decision N.Khrushchev to close a number of Ministries, the Institute of therapy was given a large building of the Ministry of shipbuilding in Petroverigsky lane, near the street of Bohdan Khmelnytsky. After the sudden death of A. L. Myasnikov in 1965, Director of the Institute of therapy was appointed Professor Yevgeny Chazov. In 1966, the Institute of therapy was renamed into scientific research Institute of therapy named after A. L. Myasnikov, and in 1967 - at the Institute of cardiology named after A. L. Myasnikov.
On January 1, 1967 E. I. Chazov was appointed to the position of head of the IV Main Department of the Ministry of health of the USSR. From 1968 to 1988, the Institute of cardiology named after A. L. Myasnikov was headed by Academician of the Academy of medical Sciences of the USSR (1980), Professor I. K. Shkhvatsabaya (Prize of the Academy of medical Sciences of the USSR named after S. P. Botkin, 1975) .
In 1975, by the resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, Institute of cardiology named after A. L. Myasnikov becomes the all-Union cardiological scientific center (national cardiology research center) of the Academy of medical Sciences of the USSR. Its founder, academician of the Academy of medical Sciences of the USSR, Hero of Socialist labor, laureate of State prize E.I. Chazov became the General Director of the national cardiology research center.
The first scientific council of the national cardiology research center included prominent scientists: academician of Academy of medical Sciences E. I. Chazov – Chairman; corresponding member of Academy of medical Sciences of I. K. Shkhvatsabaya; Professor A. M. Wichert; L. S. Matveeva; N. M. Mukharlyamov; R. G. Oganov; M. E. Riskin; V. N. Smirnov; G. G. Arabidze; I. S. Glazunov; Z. Z. Dorofeeva; O. M. Eliseev; G. D. Karpov; A. A. Kramer; N.. Mazur; V. I. Metelitsa; L. F. Nikolaev; L. V. Rautenstrauch; T. Y. Sidelnikov; A. V. Trubetskoy.
In 1981, the national cardiology scientific center already contained 3 Institutes: Institute of Clinical cardiology named after A. L. Myasnikov, converted from departments of the Institute of experimental cardiology and the Institute of preventive cardiology. In 1987 the experimental enterprise was built next door, according to all GMP requirements, for the production of medicines, which were developed by scientists of the cardiology center.
In 1991, national cardiology scientific center is renamed into the Cardiology scientific center of Russian Academy of medical Sciences, and since 1996 – into the Russian cardiology scientific-production complex of the Ministry of health of the Russian Federation.
Since July 12, 2017 RCSPC (Russian cardiology scientific-production complex) – National medical research center of cardiology of the Ministry of healthcare of the Russian Federation.
Honorary Director National medical research center of cardiology of the Ministry of healthcare of the Russian Federation - Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences , Professor Chazov Evgeny Ivanovich
General Director – corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences , Professor Boytsov Sergey Anatolyevich.
The complex includes: the Institute of clinical cardiology named after A. L. Myasnikov ( Director, Deputy General Director on science, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences , Professor Chazova I. E.), Institute of experimental cardiology (Director, Deputy General Director on science - Ph. D., Professor Parfenov E. V.), Experimental production of biomedical drugs (Director – Egorov Andrey Valerianovich)